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This section contains articles on phenomena or versions that may be interesting or useful to researchers of the unexplained facts in one way or another.

Application of the method of drawing up a psychological portrait in the study NOF

Added Tue, 03/01/2017

In the investigation of unexplained facts (NOF), the researcher must evaluate the properties of the individual witnesses (and/or victims). For these purposes castaways psychological portrait of the person. It allows in appearance, speech speed, tone etc to get a General idea about the person. It is also possible the reverse situation.
Consider what a psychological portrait of its main functions and principles of drawing.

A psychological portrait as a method, basic principles and purpose

You should distinguish between the concept of a psychological portrait of personality and psychological personality profile. The first is a qualitative description of the properties of the individual, and second, its quantitative and graphic displays.
The technique of drawing up of a psychological portrait use forensics [1], employers, psychologists, scientists and also by individuals for self-discovery.
Commonly used set of tests, which through onsite, remote or correspondence testing reveals the basic traits of a person.
Based on the assessment of personality traits you can make a profile, comprising the following components [2]:

  • temperament;
  • character;
  • ability;
  • orientation;
  • intelligence;
  • emotion;
  • volitional qualities;
  • the ability to communicate;
  • self-esteem;
  • the level of self-control;
  • ability group interaction.

The components and their quantity may vary depending on method. As example is quite often used by universities, enterprises, companies for research, staff selection, etc. – 16pf Cattell, based on the hypothesis that people describe themselves and each other up using 16 different independent from each other factors. [5]
We use questionnaires to diagnose mental conditions and by other methods of personality research. [3]
Also, some researchers assess emotional psycho person use the methods of socionics, which divides all people into 16 personality types and describes their behavior and reactions. [4]
Consider how the above information can be applied to the investigation of NOF.

Psychological portrait in the study NOF

Unexplained phenomena – an area quite specific, which has certain psychological reactions and States. For example, depending on the relation to the unexplained, the psychological readiness and the unexplained factor, the reaction of the witness may vary, but it will be in any case stress. With the help of a psychological portrait to describe the properties of the individual eyewitness, inherent in man at this stage of life: emotionality, self-control, stress resistance and other qualities and assess the credibility of the eyewitness, to adjust the method further stages of the survey to reveal key details of the fact. Very much to say about the personality of the witness the way he describes NOF, what turns of phrase uses and how this story is different from his usual speech, etc. This is true for both oral presentation and writing.
Methods for determination of basic properties of the personality may be necessary for the researcher is responsible for:

  • assess degree of confidence in the testimony of the witness or material evidence
  • identifying deliberate lie, falsification or imitation
  • the development of methods to survey specific eyewitness
  • the formation of a General picture of the fact
  • identification of common witnesses or victims of NOF

To assess personality traits and emotional state, you can:

  • after passing the witness a series of tests at personal survey
  • through the analysis obtained from the witness material evidence and descriptions of what happened fact
  • by evaluating the expert appearance of the witness, behavior features and other external manifestations and characteristics obtained from the environment of the witness

More detailed information can be obtained only from the analysis of the results of the foregoing.
When interviewing a witness uses a specially developed form "of OIS 3.1". It consists of 5 blocks, allowing to obtain all the necessary information about the witness, and may be completed in person or researcher that specifies the probing questions. In order to improve the quality of the survey allow the full contents of the form, we will not, and will consider only in General.
Blocks "of OIS 3.1":

  • personal questionnaire (revealing features of the human personality at this stage of his life: character, temperament, interpersonal relations, motivational and emotional sphere)
  • diagnosis of emotional state at the time of the survey (remembering the incident)
  • assessment of awareness of unexplained facts
  • free story (the witness can talk about key, in his opinion, the highlights of the event, how it influenced him that he has changed, etc.)
  • notes of the researcher who carried out the survey

The use of this questionnaire, together with the common tactics of questioning of witnesses will allow you to obtain much more information for the subsequent analysis of the survey results.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»

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