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This section contains descriptions of unexplained facts provided by eyewitnesses or published in the media, as well as the results of their analysis by the group.

UFO. Russia

ID #1716038877
Added Sat, 18/05/2024
Author July N.
Sources
Phenomena
Status
Hypothesis

Initial data

Initial information from sources or from an eyewitness
Incident date: 
21.11.1476
Location: 
Новгород
Novgorodskaya oblast
Russia

Pskov Chronicle I:

 

And on the same night (Thursday after November 21), many saw and heard how a pillar of fire appeared over the Settlement (in Novgorod), from heaven to earth, as well as thunder from the sky.

Original news

И в ту же нощь (в четверг после 21 ноября) видеша и слышаша мнози вернися, как столп огнян стоящ над Городищем (в Новгороде), от небеси до земля, такоже и гром небеси, и по сих ко свету не бысть ничтоже

Hypotheses

List of versions containing features matching the eyewitness descriptions or material evidence

Halo

Halo usually appears around the Sun or moon, sometimes around other powerful light sources such as street lights. There are many types of halos, but they are mostly caused by ice crystals in Cirrus clouds at a height of 5-10 km in the upper troposphere. The form of the observed halo depends on the shape and arrangement of crystals. Reflected and refracted by the ice crystals, the light often turns into a spectrum, which makes halo look like a rainbow, but a halo in low light has a low chroma, which is associated with the peculiarities of twilight vision.

The storm

The storm is an atmospheric phenomenon in which the inside of clouds or between the cloud and the earth's surface arise electrical discharges - lightning accompanied by thunder. It is quite a common natural phenomenon in certain situations could be considered something abnormal, such as when it appears under unusual conditions or unfamiliar to the eyewitness. A vivid example is the so-called "snow storm" (or "snow storm"), i.e. thunderstorm, which is when rain falls heavy snow, freezing rain or ice pellets.

Light (solar) pole

One of the most frequent types of halo, a visual phenomenon, an optical effect which is a vertical band of light stretching from the sun during sunset or sunrise.

Investigation

Versions testing, their confirmation or refutation. Additional information, notes during the study of materials
Not enough information

Resume

The most likely explanation. The version, confirmed by the investigation
Not enough information

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