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The oral mystical

Added Tue, 07/07/2020
Источники
Дата публикации
Wed, 24/06/2020
Феномены

In old cities always have their scary legends. About the ghosts and legends of oral told local historians – historians Svetlana PLETNEVA and Valery ILYASOV in the newspaper "Karavan", №24, dated 20 June 2014.

Moans defenders

Yaitsky town was founded in 1584, but the official date is 1613 minutes. So it was called until 1775, but then to erase the memory of the revolt of Yemelyan Pugachev, at the behest of the Empress Catherine II, the city became the Ural. Located in the interfluve of the Ural and Chagan river, a tributary of which (Derkul) flows near the town.

As of 1 January 2014, the population of oral – 278,1 thousand people. The city stretches from South to North – more than 8 kilometers, from West to East about 20 kilometers.

For 400 years, in oral there are many mysterious and terrible events, – says Valery Ilyasov. – The bloody associated with the Pugachev rebellion, with the cruelty of Emelyan Pugachev and the siege of the Ancient fortress. By November 1773 built in the oldest urban area – Smoking. And since 30 Dec 16 APR 1774 in it was defended by a local garrison from attack by the troops of Pugachev. Inside the fortress was the Cathedral Church of the Archangel Michael with a bell tower, it kept ammunition. The garrison was led by Colonel Simonov – inept military commander, because commanders often took on captain Andrei Krylov – the father of the famous fabulist Ivan Krylov. According to some researchers, the Andrei Krylov became the prototype of Ivan Kuzmich Mironov from Pushkin's story “captain's daughter”.

In February 1774-first after a bad storm, Pugachev decided to blow up the bell tower with ammunition, having done the tunnel. But a defector warned the besieged had to endure out of ammunition, 18 February the bell tower was blown up and destroyed. The Cathedral also survived. Killing 42 defenders, 13 were wounded, including Simon. Pugachev did not get tired to organize attacks on the fortress. The garrison famine. The besieged ate all the horses and dogs were all drinking mixed it with clay. But hungry soldiers and officers could hold out for another two months, and April 16, 1773 a brigade of General Mansurov released Yaitsky town and lifted the blockade of the fortress. By this time of 1 094 people were killed and 150 defenders and 193 were injured.

In Soviet times, said that near Archangel Michael Cathedral, in the place where formerly stood a bell tower, at night in calm weather and before dawn we heard a faint moaning.

– Sometimes weak if the chimes could be heard from under the earth, – says Svetlana Pletneva. – If you hear this, it is necessary to pray to herself for the souls of the defenders of the Ancient fortress. Then everything stops.

The Ghost of a priest

The story of the monk, the Ghost of the Urals which you can see at night in the same Smoking, is also associated with Emelyan Pugachev.

– We are talking about the Ghost of Archpriest Vasily Zubov, – says Svetlana Pletneva. – This belief is associated with the wedding Pugacheva, who called himself Emperor Peter III – husband of Catherine II. Deciding to marry a local Cossack Ustinia Kuznetsova, pseudo-Peter was sent to the house of her father-in-laws and obtained consent for the wedding. When young came to the Cathedral Archpriest Vasily Zubov, he turned them down. Pugachev was already married and according to the Church laws could not be married in years. The Emperor, enraged, ordered to hang the priest. Pugacheva and Ustino married another priest, Sergei Mikhailov in the Church of Saints Peter and Paul. Now in its place in oral the monument to Pushkin.

The role of the Empress, with the ladies of the local Cossack Ustine had a chance to stay long. Three months after the wedding, the mutiny was suppressed Pugachev captured, and his first wife Sophia, two daughters and a son and Kuznetsov by the verdict of the Senate was sent to Käkisalmi fortress. House Ustinya Kuznetsova preserved, it is now the Pugachev Museum. Preserved tomb of Vasily Zubov Michael the Archangel Cathedral. It's been opened before the revolution and found the remains of a young priest with brown hair.

– There is a belief that the appearance of a Ghost Archpriest Basil portends extreme weather events – continues Svetlana Pletneva. – Rain hail or a strong wind the roof can rip...

House Kareva

Is oral a strange phenomenon related to more recent events. In the heart of the city in the former Bolshaya Mikhaylovskaya street (now Dostyk) is a huge three-story house of brick. He is known as the house Karev.

– This building was the tallest building at the time of its completion in 1900, it built one of the richest local merchants, Alexander Karev, says Valery Ilyasov. At a housewarming party, he invited a whole urban elite, champagne and vodka flowed freely. The tables were Laden with red fish, caviar, the famous Ural pies vaigai. Karev, pretty drunk on the joys, went to the balcony to greet the crowd gathered at the bottom, suddenly fell down and died. However, some argue that he fell not by chance, but jumped intentionally. Allegedly put the merchant in this house all his money and was actually devastated. An indirect confirmation is the fact that after the owner's death, the house passed piecemeal in rent. On the ground floor there were shops of merchants Schmidt, funka. And the descendants of Carew were forced to remove your case only a small space. On the second floor housed the officers ' meeting, and later the commercial club. The third – of a hotel room.

The inhabitants of this house Ghost in it is not seen, but heard something strange. On various floors from time to time we heard the knocks, creaks, footsteps, and go in the corridor – no one. Several times night watchmen heard at night crystal clinking of glasses and loud cries, but knew exactly what was in the building but them, no one...

Shadows chieftain's house

The imagination of historians and curious citizens still excites another house, chieftain house.

It was built in 1825 under the project of the military architect of the Italian Delmedigo Venetian-style Palazzo, explained Svetlana Pletneva. Up to 1830 the house was owned by a military chieftain Borodin. After his death and until 1917 was the residence of the acting ataman of the Ural Cossack troops. In this luxurious mansion stayed future emperors of Russia: Alexander II (1837), Nicholas II (1891). Been here famous writers and poets – Pushkin, Zhukovsky, Dal', Tolstoy, as well as the Kazakh khans of the Younger Zhuz. During the revolution the building housed the commandant's office, in 1926 – a cavalry regiment, other military units, and the House of pioneers.

Svetlana Pletneva says that her friend, Vera Bochkareva, worked here as a pioneer and said that her office had different things:

– Put a pen on the table or lipstick, you look away, lo and behold, they're gone! Directly the poltergeist any!

The elderly watchman has warned the Belief I that she did not rush in search of your things immediately. According to the old man, and later they find themselves. It was something like that...

Grandma Gagneja

Another mystical phenomenon of oral history related to the origin of the local Cossacks, and the city itself.

Cossacks still at family gatherings raise a toast in memory of my grandmother Guglie – emphasizes Valery Ilyasov. In the beginning of the XVI century on the shores of the Yaik (Ural) came from the don Cossack Vasiliy Gogna with thirty companions, and one Tatar (as stated in the archival documents). On the banks of the Yaik were then families of three brothers-Nogai, who came here after the defeat of the troops of Tamerlane, Khan of the Golden Horde Tokhtamysh. The wife of the youngest Nogai was the future Gagneja. The Cossacks killed Nogai, and a beautiful young woman was taken prisoner, and gave his chieftain.

Why Gugnir so in love with the local Cossacks? According to Valery Ilyasov, the Cossacks existed a horrible custom of meeting in the next campaign, they... killed their wives and children! To those in their absence have not got to the enemy.

– Gogna so fell in love with a young noghai, that put an end to this bloody tradition – continues Valery Ilyasov. – Therefore, the Cossacks, especially their wives, and remember the good word grandma Gugnir.

Svetlana Pletneva says Gagneja is still fishermen and tourists on the banks of the Urals:

– There will be suddenly a little old lady – and suddenly disappear! Three years ago her day (!) even saw my nephew. Then immediately married and lives in a happy marriage.

Claim that those who she was, lucky in his personal life. Because, they say, painfully Gogna loved her. Yaik Cossacks, if the family suddenly began disorder, talked to grandma Guglie – according to them, helped.

Secrets Yaik

Lacking in oral and mysticism associated with the very Urals.

The Cossacks say that under any circumstances you can not swear on its shores, and especially to criticize the river, – said Valery Ilyasov. This Ural can revenge or the offender will drown, or someone from his family...

Many in the Urals and other mysteries: according to Svetlana Pletneva, her great-uncle claimed he saw the Urals... a mermaid! But if the existence of mermaids for many in question, then brownie Cossacks consider almost a family member. The Cossacks living on the lower line (from Uralsk to Atyrau), in the villages Serebryakovo, Large and Small Chagan, Kolesova, Yanaykino, Budarino, Colourtone and other leave brownie at night, a bowl of clotted cream in order to appease him. And say that in the morning to find the bowl empty.

– If the house, or, as it is called here, the host is fed and happy, it would be better to watch the house and farmstead – says Svetlana Pletneva. – And not to give him treats – offended and at night going to bite the cattle in the barn: cows mooing all night and milk from them will not wait.

In conclusion, Valery Ilyasov said that the Urals, pidmyvayuchy covered shores, washes up on the shoal all sorts of vintage items – arrowheads, belt buckles, coins, rings, pieces of pottery. And warned that to take them is impossible:

– It's not yours. It is believed that people will take a found object and bring it home, then he is being tormented by nightmares... it is best to give finds to the local Museum.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»

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