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This section contains information about phenomena that are generally believed to have a supernatural, mystical nature, and the very existence of which is currently in doubt.Phenomena Hierarchy

Living dead

Added Mon, 10/02/2020
Область распространения All over the world

Group phenomena, uniting the "undead" creatures, i.e. risen from the graves of the dead. They harm people and animals, drink their blood, damage to the economy, etc. In origin they are like ghosts: the result of sorcery, curses (and, rarely, for other reasons) their soul after death I found solace in "the other world" and continues his postmortem existence on the border of two worlds, being in a dead body.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»

Phenomenon in mass culture



A creature from the folklore of the Visayas (especially among the Hiligaino-speaking groups). Amalanhig literally translates as "hard" (it is believed that amalanhig have stiff legs that cannot bend).

These are half-dead, half-decomposed corpses that can only move in a straight line. They slowly and methodically pursue their victim, and when they overtake her, they can tickle her to imminent death from fear and laughter. You can escape from them by zigzagging or by water (they are afraid of deep reservoirs). You can also escape from them by climbing a tree or any high platform.


A creature from folklore Western Ukraine, Poland, the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

This is a vampire who deprives a person not only of blood, but also of lymph and sperm, leaving only a desiccated mummy. It attacks only waking people and does it most often at night, although sunlight does not have a negative effect on it. It is very strong and can turn into fog. You can kill him with something silver.


A kind of vampire found in Multan (Moldavia), Transylvania (Semigradje) and Dobrudja, especially often in Wallachia (Southern Romania). 

In appearance, the brucolac seems incredibly swollen, and its skin is stiff and stretched like a drum, and it sounds the same when struck.

Every night he lets out a piercing scream once and whoever responds to this call becomes a victim. To kill a brucolac, you have to chop off his head and immediately burn it in the fire.

A vampire

Phenomena count: 6

A dead man who has risen from the grave and feeds on the blood of people and animals.


In the mythology of the North American Algonquin Indians, the spirit of winter hunger and cold. It feeds on people.

He looks like a tall man in a cape of white matted wool, very skinny, sometimes without the tips of his ears, several fingers, nose or lips. Either completely bald, or very, very shaggy.

It can reproduce any sounds, and its whistle has a hypnotic power, luring a person into a trap. Able to control weather and atmospheric phenomena.


In Greek folklore, there is a kind of undead called Vrykolakas (vorvolakas, vurdulakas, Greek. βρυκόλακας ή βρικόλακας, pronounced [vriˈkolakas]). In Crete, they can be called katakano.

The word comes from the Bulgarian vrkolak. The term has analogues in many other Slavic languages, e.g., Russian volkolak, Serbian vukodlak, Polish wilkołak, etc., and in Lithuanian (vilkolakis) and Romanian (vârcolac) borrowed from them. Interestingly, in Sanskrit, the word wolf is vṛka (pronounced vrika).


The word "ghoul" in Ushakov's Explanatory dictionary has the meaning "werewolf, fearsome to people, vampire". In many works, the word "ghoul" is synonymous with the term "werewolf", and in the meaning of "ghoul" and "vampire" began to be used not so long ago.


According to Japanese folklore, a huge skeleton that wanders around the neighborhood in the dead of night. His teeth chatter and his bones rattle with a "gati-gati" sound. If he accidentally meets a late person, he slowly sneaks up, grabs him and bites off his head or flattens him into a flat cake.


A creature from Japanese folklore. This is a giant skeleton that is fifteen times taller than a man of average height, which consists of the bones of those people who died of starvation. It wanders in the night, baring its teeth, and making terrible noises. It moves so high above the ground, and so quietly, that it can be practically invisible. When attacked, he tears off his head and sucks the blood.


A vampire from ancient Armenian mythology who lives in the mountains Ultish Alto-tem. Dahanavar (arm. Դախանավար) he never kills the inhabitants who live on his lands, and hunts only strangers.

It has superhuman power, attacks only at night and kills by drinking blood.

A vampire usually follows travelers until they stop to rest. When night falls, Dahanavar attacks people, while biting the victim in the leg.


Dzikininki – (literally, "goblin eating people") – in Japanese Buddhism, an evil spirit that eats people's corpses.

In Japanese mythology, if a person thought only about profit during his lifetime, after death he can be reborn as a creepy creature of indeterminate appearance, devouring corpses. At the same time, he experiences incredible torment from his food, which is disgusting to him and feels a strong sense of guilt from being engaged in cannibalism.


In Scandinavian mythology, a revived dead man who returned to the world of the living by his own will after a violent death or at the call of a strong sorcerer. 

The appearance depends on the type of death: water constantly flows from the drowned man, and bleeding wounds gape on the body of the fallen fighter. The skin color can vary from dead white to cadaverous blue. His body can swell to a huge size, which makes him much heavier and more sedentary.

Sometimes they remain undisturbed for many years. Sometimes the soul is preserved.


Russian graves In Belarusian and Russian mythology, a deceased sorcerer or witch doctor who gets up from the grave at midnight and walks around the neighborhood until the first cocks. Can develop a high speed. Has great power. Can attack people and drink blood.

The pawned dead man

Mortgaged dead or other names: rus. unclean dead, dead, navi, nav; belor. nyabozhchyki, naytsy, nayki; ukr. mavki, nyavki; bolg. navye, navlyantsi, navoi, navyatsi; v.-Serb. navje; slovene. navje, mavje; Polish. nawie.

In the mythology of the Slavs, these are people who died an unnatural death and did not receive comfort after death. It was believed that they return to the world of the living and continue their existence on earth as mythical creatures (evil spirits). They could send disease, famine, pestilence, drought.


In the classic sense of the zombie is understood to be a lively corpse. Also this word is referred to as a normal living person who has completely lost kontrolnad myself and my body and obey the orders of someone.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»

Mana La Peluda

Creature from Mexican folklore, the name of which translates as "hairy hand." It revived a hairy man's hand, executed by the Inquisition, which was dismembered and buried in an abandoned Indian cemetery. She sneaks into house, grabs the children and takes away in an unknown direction.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»

A nachzehrer

A mythical creature from the North German medieval folklore, often associated with vampires.

Unlike vampires, a nachzehrer, as they say in the legends, does not drink the blood of living people, and eat their own dead body, by which the distance is infecting people with a fatal disease (particularly plague) and drains their life force.

The more they eat, the weaker becomes their family members dying one after another from disease and exhaustion. To identify it can be turned to large fingers and open the left eye.

The Revenant

In folklore, a ghost or walking corpse that is believed to have been reborn from death to haunt the living. Such creatures are part of the legends of various cultures, including Ancient Irish Celtic and Scandinavian mythology, and the stories of alleged visits of the Avengers were documented by English historians in the Middle Ages. The term "revenant" has been used interchangeably with "vampire" or "ghost" by folklorists, so it is sometimes considered to be a generic term for the undead.


A vampire from Moldavian and Romanian mythology, into which hanged people turn. In some areas of Romania, strigoi are also called Moroi. 

In Romanian mythology, strigoi have red hair, blue eyes and two hearts, although they may have different appearances. They become people possessed by evil spirits, who after death begin to come out of the grave, drink people's blood, torture them, send nightmares. The main feature, as with an ordinary vampire, is the absence of traces of decay of the buried body.

When trying to kill a strigoi, it begins to move and make sounds.


The belief in ghouls was most widespread in the territory of Southern Russia (modern Ukraine). A ghoul roughly corresponds to a vampire in Western European mythology and has much in common with a ghoul in the East Slavic tradition, but even in the XIX century these characters were clearly distinguished.

This is a pawned dead man (continues his posthumous existence on the border of two worlds), rising at night from the grave. He harms people and livestock, drinks their blood, damages the economy, it was also believed that he could cause famine, pestilence and drought.


In Chinese mythology, a deceased person who died an unnatural death or was left without burial, who became a vampire.

"Jiangshi" is read as ken-si in Cantonese, kyong thi in Vietnamese, Kangxi in Korean, Kensi in Japanese, and Hantu pochon in Malay.

It is usually depicted as an ossified body (depending on the age of death - different stages of decomposition), dressed in official robes of the Qing dynasty, which moves with jumps, arms outstretched.

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