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This section contains information about phenomena that are generally believed to have a supernatural, mystical nature, and the very existence of which is currently in doubt.Phenomena Hierarchy

Ghost

Hierarchy
Added Tue, 04/10/2016
Sources
Attributes
anthropomorphic creature
changes form
restless spirit
translucent
predicts the future
goes through walls

To the phenomenon of ghosts usually carry the souls of dead people or mythical beings (in traditional representations), and, according to some versions priseltsev from space or from a parallel world, "energetic substances", etc., manifested in visible form or other in real life. It is assumed that the responses are real, not supernatural, objects, the nature of which is unknown to science, or images of real people, animals, objects in a parallel reality, in the past or in the future.

Testimonies about encounters with ghosts known since ancient times. In this article we review the history of the concept of "Ghost", highlight the main features of the phenomenon and look at the most famous hypotheses to explain it.

In the dictionary of Ephraim, the meaning of the word "Ghost" is defined as:

  • What seems, dreaming; vision, figment of the imagination. // Perrin. Accel. Someone or something just resembling anyone, anything.
  • Unclear, vague outlines, contours. // Image of someone, something, seemingly in the imagination.
  • Something unreal; a Mirage, an illusion.

In the traditional conceptions of many peoples "Ghost" or "Ghost" – the soul or spirit of a deceased person, manifested in visible form or other in real life (from the invisible and intangible presence until almost realistic observations).

It is not known when the first mention of ghosts in the legends and oral retellings.



It is believed that the first documented mention of seeing ghosts belong to the times of Ancient Egypt and Assyria. Cuneiform tablets of the Assyrians tell of the spirits Utukku, bringing terror to the Assyrian city. As the ancients used to think, these ghosts appeared when the man had died a painful death. Because many Utukku were stripped of limbs, had traces of wounds or torture and screamed in pain. The Egyptians, like ghosts called Boo. In order to get rid of them, it was necessary to offer restless spirit fresh meat.



In Europe, the legends of ghosts are known for more than two millennia. As the ancient Assyrians, Europeans believed that the Ghost becomes a man, died a painful death. For example, the Irish feared Tasha spirits of people tortured in the torture chambers, and executed on the gallows or the chopping block.



Since there were many witnesses of this phenomenon.



The phenomenon is found everywhere. Almost every country has its abode of ghosts from the locks to the rooms in the hostel.

The concept of "Ghost" summarizes the entire class of phenomena having apparently different origins.



It is used in cases of observing the following phenomena:

  • The human figure, perhaps reminiscent of the deceased, is able to fly, pass through walls, suddenly appear and disappear in the eyes of the beholder (shadow people)
  • Some unidentified creatures that have similarities with man, but on the anatomy or the features from it is great (Jack the jumper, Mothman).
  • Observed in the air of human faces or other parts of the body (the phenomenon of black hands).
  • Ghostly animals (mongoose, Jeff, Ghost dog) or phantom vehicles (buses, planes, trains, "the flying Dutchman").
  • A small unidentified flying objects in the form of small lights or clouds observed in the vicinity of the witness.

Sometimes the appearance of a Ghost accompanied by a sharp change in temperature (sudden unexplained cold), bad smells (sulfur, miasma), anxiety of animals, disruption of electronic equipment. However, it is believed that more explicitly affect the person (e.g., bruise) or surrounding objects (e.g., moving) Ghost can not, therefore, with this effect connects two phenomena: the "Ghost" and "poltergeist". It is worth noting that the Ghost is credited with the property to scare to death some people (for example, to pursue his murderer until, until he dies).



The emergence of the phenomenon may be linked:

  • geographically (e.g. the haunted house);
  • calendar (for example, a full moon or a certain calendar date);
  • to a particular case (for example, warns of the dangers);
  • to a particular person (for example, a relative of the deceased).

In terms of fixing phenomenon can be identified:

  • witness hears sounds from an unknown source;
  • the witness feels the presence of someone;
  • the witness sees the silhouette with implicit shapes or a completely clear image.

Sometimes ghosts can be recorded on video, photo and audio equipment at the time of direct observations, but often they only appear on the record.

Among the hypotheses to explain the phenomenon, we can distinguish the scientific and the mystical.

Scientific version:

  • A figment of the imagination. This version includes mirages, hallucinations, illusions, etc. regardless of the reason.
  • Natural causes. Close to the previous version. This includes, for example, the sounds of wind, accepted as the howls of the Ghost.
  • Technical features of the equipment. To this version are defects in the photographic film, instruments, glare, and similar artifacts.
  • A figment of the imagination of narrators (i.e. intentional deception).
  • The structural features of the haunted houses (for example, the presence of secret rooms).
  • The hoax (i.e. the artificial creation of circumstances perceived by others as abnormal).

Mystical version:

  • Soul. According to the beliefs of many religious and mystical directions, man is composed of material body and immortal soul and spirit (some fittings). And the Ghost is either a soul that is not able to calm down and go to another world, or the spirit ("astral shell"), which normally "breaks" on the fortieth day after death, but if there is "energy" from some source, then the spirit can exist for many years. This also applies to the version that the appearance of a Ghost is a kind of "message" of the deceased, which can carry a warning or other information about the future.
  • Aliens from parallel worlds. This includes demons, space aliens, "energy of nature" images of the future or the past, etc.
  • Images. It is believed that if you imagine any image is very bright, it may partially or fully materialise, i.e. a Ghost is a partial materialization of images. According to different versions, it is capable as a small group of people (e.g. the mentally ill in a special state of consciousness – hence the terrible fact, the appearance of which uncontrolled; or "enlightened" they like having the gift to materialize desired objects), and any representative of mankind. A small manifestation of these abilities is the projection on the film different images with my mind.
  • Astral double. This version is slightly similar to the previous one. She says that, by strong impressions and emotions, you may receive "double" the person who is experiencing these emotions.
  • It/Id (in the terminology of Groddeck and Freud respectively). A fragment of the psyche, finding identity, escaping outside the shell, and punished for something of its bearer. Ghost-It often takes the form of an animal (particularly a tiger, as in repeatedly opisyvaetsya the case of Mrs. Forbes), sometimes causes on the victim scratches, wounds and the stigmata; may push the victim either for murder (the person responsible for the original trauma), or to suicide.
  • The element of heredity (Family Gestalt). A Ghost generated by a generic or family-hypnosis: the mental formation built by many generations, separates from the main body and, finding a life, settles in a mansion or castle. The older the family, the "telesne" Ghost. The latter requires constant attention, feeding them, otherwise, it withers and disappears.
  • Historical film or "memory space". A kind of collective memory, part of what was called in the middle ages, the Planetary Mind. Historical visions arise on battlefields (and sometimes individual misdeeds) and remind voiced by three-dimensional film. Characters of representations of this kind are automatically, although, oddly enough, react to the material world.

Scientific version try to approach each manifestation of the phenomenon separately, and mystical version – to explain all cases. But none of the hypotheses could not fully cover all known cases.

In any case, the phenomenon of ghosts has a huge variety of evidence and can be considered one of the most common anomalous phenomena.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»

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