Феномен

UFO

Описание 

The acronym UFO stands for "unidentified flying object" (or in English UFO, which means "unidentified flying object"). This term may include any flying objects of unknown origin (unusual creatures, devices, or atmospheric phenomena), but now increasingly it is used as an analogue of the alien ship or a ship of aliens (depending on the dominant hypothesis, it can be not only the representatives of other planets and other worlds, as well as guests from the distant future).

If to consider on a temporary direct eyewitness accounts of UFOs, we can distinguish the following types:

  • Ghost ships and Ghost towns (the most famous example - the flying Dutchman). The first mention of the "flying start automatically" in the literature appeared in 1795 in the book "a Trip to Botanical Bay" (eng. A Voyage to Botany Bay), but stories about encounters with ghosts appearing in the sky, went among the people and informed.
  • Mysterious airships (airships Mystery). References to them began appearing in the late 19th century in the American press.
  • Aircraft-ghosts (Foo fighters). Evidence began appearing in 1940.
  • Rocket Ghost (Ghost rockets). In 1946 more than 2,000 rockets Ghost was seen over Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. Then, such objects have been observed in other countries, especially in Europe.

Photo of the "Ghost rockets", made by E. Reuterslondon (1946)

The parent of the term "flying saucer" or closer to the Russian reader, "flying saucer" is Kenneth Arnold (Kenneth Arnold), who, describing his observations of mysterious objects to reporters, said the following:

"They flew about 20-25 miles and disappeared from sight. About three minutes I watched as the chain moving like saucers on the water, as if thrown flat stones, objects, stretching for at least 5 miles, maneuvered between the high mountain peaks. They were flat as pans, and, like a mirror, reflected the rays of the sun. I saw it all quite clearly and distinctly".

26 Jun 1947 publication in the Chicago Sun might have been the first use of the term "flying saucer".

This incident occurred in 1947, known as the "Case in the Cascade mountains". Its wide media coverage resulted in a chain of events that spawned a whole movement called UFOlogy. It is believed that Edward J. Ruppelt was first proposed and started to use the term UFO in 1951. The acronym UFO, which stands for "unidentified flying object" or UFO "unidentified flying object" (in Russian ). Oxford English Dictionary reports the first use of the term in the Times Literary Supplement 23 January 1959.

Usually the messages about seeing UFOs do not come evenly, and outbreaks (or in English terminology flyap (flaps), i.e., in certain periods more often than others. Let us cite as an example some of these "waves" of UFO sightings that came on in the second half of the XX century:

  • 1946 - Scandinavia ("launch ghosts")
  • June-July 1947 - in the Western United States
  • August 1952 in the Eastern United States
  • October 1954 - in France
  • November 1957года - observed in the Midwest and southwest US, and in South America
  • June-August 1959 - Australia and the West Pacific
  • may-August 1962 - observed in Argentina
  • summer 1965 - spring 1966 - observed first in the Midwest and then the East
  • autumn 1977 - East coast USA
  • autumn 1985 - Mexico city, Mexico

The most common and considered the full definition is given to the D. A. As in 1972. It sounds like a UFO is described by eyewitnesses perception in the sky or above ground of an object or a light spot whose appearance, trajectory, and General dynamics and the nature of the luminescence is not amenable to the usual logical explanation.

Thus, the UFO phenomenon should include the evidence, which referred to the appearance of some flying objects with no known scientific explanation at the time of occurrence of the fact, i.e. if in the annals of the 15th century refers to the appearance in the sky of the plane of the sample of the 21st century, for its author it was an unidentified object.

Hypothesis

There are the following hypotheses about the origin of UFOs:

  • The hypothesis of extraterrestrial origin of UFOs. The most common hypothesis that declares UFOs are the spaceships of aliens.
  • Hypotheses about the natural origin of UFOs. All unexplained cases of UFOs, if they are not hoaxes, that arise from the observation of phenomena already known, described and studied by modern science: meteors, birds flying, burning swamp gas, ball lightning.
  • Psycho-social hypothesis of the origin of UFOs. C. G. Jung considered the reports of UFOs as a modern myth, he noted a possible connection between disk-like shape "flying saucer" and "mandala" — an occult symbol in Hinduism and Buddhism, symbolizing wholeness, completeness. Great interest in UFOs in the second half of the twentieth century, Jung was explained by the human desire for harmony in a troubled time.
  • Version of anthropogenic origin of UFOs. UFOs are flying machines, created by man, the existence of which is hidden owning groups (the military, government, private corporations), or the groups themselves are secret.
  • Ultrasone hypothesis of the origin of UFOs. This hypothesis assumes that "flying saucers" are run by the civilizations living on Earth parallel with human.
  • Version of the live UFO. UFOs are unidentified creatures living on Earth, parallel universes or other planets.
  • Hypothesis of the appearance of UFOs in parallel worlds. UFOs come to us from parallel worlds through the portals, supposedly located at the earth's surface and in the atmosphere at different altitudes.
  • Hypothesis of UFO travel in time. This version says that the UFO is a kind of time machine, where people from the future visited our time.
  • Supernatural (mystical) hypothesis of the origin of UFOs. This hypothesis suggests that UFOs are souls or other supernatural entities.
  • Close to the previous version of the Orthodox branch of the Christian religion. According to her, the UFO is the machinations of the devil and are nothing like the demons that one sees in such as balls, discs, etc.

Conclusion

Thanks to a boom in flying saucers, beginning in the late forties of the last century, at this moment, the enthusiasts collected a lot of evidence of UFO sightings since ancient times. There were a lot of certificates, records and drawings, which, depending on the views of people about the world was explained by contemporaries in different ways, ranging from the divine chariots and ending with the alien ships.

Now on this topic there is a lot of literature of varying degrees of scientific, popular shows and movies. All this, on the one hand, helps to convey information to the masses, thereby removing the psychological restraint of a witness and helping to gather information, and on the other gives rise to a wave of misinformation and false evidence.

In this regard, the fact of appearance of UFOs requires a thorough analysis by experts.

The assignment of fact this phenomenon can only be made when a description of an unidentified object in the sky and on the Ground (landing). If it is missing, you should consider the fact as a separate phenomenon (for example, "circles" or the appearance of strange looking creatures), because the relationship of these phenomena relates to the level of hypothesis.

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Attributes 
quick object
the distortion of time
flying object
changes form
fireball
memory lapses
technical device
Phenomena with similar tags 
Заголовок Описание Признаки
Серван

In the mythology of Switzerland and Northern Italy spirit of the house. It was believed that they can help the economy, help grow crops, but more often conspire against people, spoil food, confused by the tails of horses and cows hide and break utensils. Can take the form of goats, dogs, and bigger balls.

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changes form, fireball, helps, hurting people
Согэн-би

A creature from Japanese folklore. A fireball that appears in the sky as flames head of the old monk.

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flying object, fireball, a separate part of the body
Каджк

Spirits of the winds and war in the Armenian mythology, able to change its appearance and become invisible. Their music and dance enchant people and people can lose track of time. Love to fouling.

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sounds without visible sources, the distortion of time, changes form
Летучий голландец

Sailing Ghost ship that can't hit the beach and doomed to sail the sea. Usually people see such a ship from afar, sometimes surrounded by a glowing halo. According to legend, when the "flying Dutchman" meets another ship, his team is trying to convey on shore the message to people who are no longer alive. In marine beliefs meeting with him was considered a bad omen.

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flying object, restless spirit, the harbinger of death, technical device
Леший

The devil – spirit master of the forest in the mythology of Eastern Slavs. It belongs to the same class of beings that house perfumes, perfume water areas and field spirits.

anthropomorphic creature, high being, makes you wander, sounds without visible sources, the distortion of time, the manipulation of the actions of the victim, changes form, hairy creature, helps you find your way, predicts the future, hurting people, superpowered creature
Манья

Manija, man or Maniac in the mythology of Central and South-Western Russia spirit, taking the form of shooting stars (or coming to it). Different beliefs about these creatures speak completely different. Somewhere it foreshadows the inevitable death, somewhere there in that yard where the girl lost innocence-I thought working in the field of women and the behavior was similar to the succubus or Incubus (depending on gender), just looked like a shadow man, but somewhere like an old woman, looking for her son.

anthropomorphic creature, sexual relations with the victim, flying creature, flying object, fireball, it feeds on life energy, the harbinger of death, tanypodinae creature
Саракадзоэ

In Japanese folklore, the so-called special kind of spirits that look like ghostly fire covered dish (usually nine), flying over the well of Himeji castle ("Castle of the White herons" at the foot of the mountain Hime (Hyogo, Harima area)).

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flying object, fireball
Лидерц

Creature from Hungarian mythology. Has two versions of the origin. The chicken hatched from the egg under the arm of man for 24 days, which helps the economy and brings wealth. The creature descended on a falling star, took the form of man and sits on his chest in the night and drinking the blood of her lover. Generally, this name is often stayway with lights of unknown origin, be it a shooting star or a wisp.

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anthropomorphic creature, sexual relations with the victim, out of the landed object, flying object, a small light at the earth's surface, fireball, helps, turns into a human, drinking the blood
Хи-но тама

In Japanese folklore, the so called group of evil spirits in the form of fireballs, flying through the air.

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flying object, fireball
Убага-би

In Japanese mythology it is newbooty the spirit of the old woman who died of shame when caught stealing. He appears mostly in the rain by the river in the form of a burning head of an old woman or a large fireball.

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flying object, a small light at the earth's surface, fireball, a separate part of the body
Эльфы

Magic people in Norse and Celtic folklore. Also known as Alva (Scandinavian), seeds (ancient Irish). The very same word "elf" some of the researchers associated with the romance root "ALB" — white, according to another version it comes from the Welsh "ellyl" or "Irish aillil" — "shining", Dating back to the Sumerian "ellu" ("shining"). The descriptions Alfv and fairies are a little different. Being benevolent to people. Descriptions of elves in various mythologies vary, but generally, it's a beautiful, bright (sometimes luminous) beings, spirits of the forest.

anthropomorphic creature, the distortion of time, the little creature, the manipulation of the thoughts of the victim, a small light at the earth's surface, the transition to another world, flattened plants, memory lapses, the glowing areas of the body
Яломиште

Wallachian folklore the Fox is a werewolf with smoky obsidian fur. Makes you wander through the forest and causes memory lapses. Can turn into a man with a slender body, the gray streak in her hair and odd color eyes (from grassy to almost amber).

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makes you wander, unusual eye color, turns into a human, memory lapses
Ярошек

Field Silesian demon mythology, appearing in the boggy fields in the form of a partridge, pheasant or hare. If you do manage to catch, it becomes the home of the spirit, helping with the housework.

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changes form, helps
Ювха

Creature from the mythology of the Turkic peoples. Dragon, the ability to change form. This files most often turns into a beautiful girl and enters into an intimate relationship with a man. If you find for combing hair, it is possible to detect the snake scales on the back, because it relieves the head.

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sexual relations with the victim, changes form, scales
Роре-трольд

In the folklore of southern Norway Troll living in the lake. It is able to cause strong winds and destructive hurricanes. He appears in different forms — sometimes like a horse, sometimes like a haystack, sometimes in the form of a huge serpent, and sometimes as a large group of people.

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water creature, changes form
Эль Фамильяре

The legend is known in the sugar factories of the North-East of Argentina.According to popular belief, it's a spirit that devours people when wandering the cane fields. There are several records that refer to his appearance: some of them describe it as a big snake, others like a dog, while many others give it a humanoid traits or characteristics of a translucent shade. He has large red glowing eyes and fiery hair color. He feeds on human flesh. About it know only those who were its victims. No edged weapons or firearms can not damage it.

large creature, changes form, hairy creature, glowing eyes, tanypodinae creature
Эктоплазма

The sticky substance of mysterious origin, which stands out through the nose, ears and other parts of the body of the medium. This concentration of psychic energy medium, which is the basis for the materialization of the spirit.

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white gelatinous mass, changes form, an unknown substance, destroyed by touching
Рарог

Fiery spirit from Slavic mythology. According to Czech belief, it can be born from an egg, which for nine days and nights the person sitting on the stove. Usually it looks like a bird or dragon with the glistening body, hair of flame and a glow emanating from his mouth. He can turn into fire. Usually, he executes the orders of his master.

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flying creature, fireball, helps, the glowing areas of the body
Пикси

Creatures from British mythology. There are Pixies, as mosquitoes (they look like moths, shining a bright yellow light) to a normal human. The typical pixie red hair and snub nose; he wears a green jacket, and on his head wearing a huge peaked cap, which closes the narrowed, afraid of sunlight the eyes. Can mislead and cause to stray. Steal horses and to the point of exhaustion chasing them in the fields at night. After that, the fields remain circles, similar to a witch's ring. If a person sets foot in a circle, he gets to the Magic country and will remain there until the end of his days.

anthropomorphic creature, afraid of sunlight, geometrically regular or complex patterns, large creature, flying creature, the little creature, a small light at the earth's surface, the transition to another world, turns into an animal, flattened plants, memory lapses, the glowing areas of the body
Парандр

Creature from mythology, Scythia. Commonly referred to as "the beast, change the face". It is believed that it is able to change the color of his fur.

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changes form, hairy creature
Призрак

The soul or spirit of a deceased person, manifested in visible form or other in real life (invisible and intangible sense of presence to an almost realistic observations).

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anthropomorphic creature, changes form, restless spirit, translucent, predicts the future, goes through walls
Пришелец

Alien is a hypothetical reasonable representative of an extraterrestrial civilization. Considered a passenger "flying saucers", so closely associated with the UFO phenomenon, though there in the mass consciousness much earlier.

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anthropomorphic creature, high being, out of the landed object, induces pregnancy, the distortion of time, the little creature, the unusual shape of the eyes, disproportionate body, pass the device or knowledge, the transition to another world, the surgical precision of the wound
Ракшаса

Evil demons of Indian mythology, giants, cannibals, night monsters, and werewolves, the inhabitants of the cemeteries, the carrion eaters and the sources of disease. The night of the rakshasas scare people with it dancing around their homes, shouting at the monkey, noisy and laughing loudly, and night flying, taking the form of a bird. They can also take any shape, even a human. Also they have enormous power.

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changes form
Сквонк

Creature from the folklore of the American colonists. It lives primarily in Pennsylvania. He has a pretty painful and miserable. The creature cries. Able to turn into bubbles.

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afraid of the light, fluid with no apparent source, changes form
Скоге

In the folklore of the Scandinavian peoples of the forest spirits. They can enchant, make you mad, maim and even kill. I can spend hours to drive through the woods, forced to climb through the fallen trees, etc., Capable of enter into an intimate relationship with people. Women can even give birth to a child after such communication.

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anthropomorphic creature, sexual relations with the victim, makes you wander, induces pregnancy, the distortion of time, the manipulation of the actions of the victim, the manipulation of the thoughts of the victim
Хайнцели

In German folklore the little homemade spirits, which, like a brownie for a modest fee, do your homework. They have red hair and beards, sometimes they are blind. They can turn into cats, bats, snakes, chickens and even small children.

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anthropomorphic creature, the little creature, changes form, helps
Флерус

According to the Flemish folklore, domestic genius, taking the form of a person or pet and perform any heavy work.

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changes form, helps
Хакатури

In Maori mythology, the spirits of nature, able to assume the form of birds and insects.

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changes form
Хапун

In the Belarusian and Ukrainian folklore, a mythical creature that steals little children and the Jews, regardless of age. Often invisible but may transform into different people and entities. Moves very quickly.

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fastest thing, changes form
Хроноаномалия

Anomalies in the flow of time can be divided into three types: time travel; the speed change its flow until it stops; messages from a different time.

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vision from another time, sounds without visible sources, the distortion of time
Церковный Грим

Being from English and Scandinavian folklore. It was considered the spirit of the Church. He could appear in the form of a black dog or a small black man.

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anthropomorphic creature, changes form, hairy creature, restless spirit, turns into an animal
Фея

Mythological anthropomorphic being of small size, with wings like a butterfly. Fairies could cast a spell on the victim, leading to his world, where they could get the months, although the feelings of the stolen just a few minutes. They often harm to all who met them. According to some sources, they become animals.

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anthropomorphic creature, makes you wander, the distortion of time, flying creature, the little creature, the transition to another world, turns into an animal, hurting people
Ундина

In medieval beliefs, the spirit of water, a beautiful woman (sometimes with a fish tail instead of legs), luring travellers into the water. There they indulged them with love and they lost track of time.

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anthropomorphic creature, water creature, sexual relations with the victim, the distortion of time, the manipulation of the thoughts of the victim, the transition to another world, fish tail
Шагамав

In the folklore of the canadian province of new Brunswick is a creature called Sagamaw. He had two different legs: the front of a bear, and the back is like a moose. He usually walks on 4 legs, but when danger arises on the back and moves to have them. Mainly it was reported by workers from the sawmills, the stories of which the creature ate them unattended boots and gloves.

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hurting people, animal body parts, changes form
Шулмусы

In Altai mythology, evil spirits of the underworld. They inflict disease, steal a person's soul. They are in the form of a black vortex or in the form of a beautiful girl.

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changes form, hurting people
Тимиморё

In Japanese and Chinese mythology, the demons of forests and mountains, devouring the corpses. Able to change form.

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changes form
Тиянак

In the folklore of the Philippines, vampirelike demon, turning into a newborn baby, crying in the jungle to attract travelers. Usually he looks like an old dwarf with a wrinkled skin, a long beard and mustache, a flat nose and eyes the size of a large coin. It becomes an unborn child killed as a result of aborted pregnancies or nenalezeny or (after the arrival of Christianity in the Philippines) who died before baptism, or whose mother died before giving birth and was buried, which caused him "to be born in the land." Able to fly over the forest, turning into a black bird.

anthropomorphic creature, hurting people, flying creature, the little creature, changes form, restless spirit
Пакваджи

Package (Pukwudgie) is undersized men of the legends of the American Indians. The creature has smooth grey leather that glows in the dark. He can light a fire appear and disappear at will, change shape and hurt people. Has a height of 2 to 3 feet (61 to 91 cm).

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breaks technique, the little creature, changes form, fire with no apparent source, the glowing areas of the body, thermal effects on the body
Хут

In the folklore of North-Western Belarus in the form of a house of the spirit in the form of a flying fiery serpent. Can turn into some kind of common object or a living being. Helps, but may cause fire.

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generating a fire creature, flying creature, changes form, fire with no apparent source, helps
Нурэ-онна

In Japanese mythology the snake woman, living in water, which summons men to its female half, attacked them, eats or drinks blood. Able to take shape of a woman with a baby in her arms to attract the attention of the victim.

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anthropomorphic creature, water creature, animal body parts, large creature, changes form, drinking the blood, scales
Бука

Creature from Slavic mythology. Usually he looks like a hairy creature with a huge open mouth and long tongue. It can turn into a haystack and make sounds of a snarling dog, while remaining invisible. Sunlight is deadly for him. In modern performances it lives under the bed or wardrobe, night to pull.

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afraid of sunlight, sounds without visible sources, changes form, hairy creature, disproportionate body
Брокса

In Jewish folklore, a witch-werewolf, sucking people's blood. The BL group could change its shape as she had wished.

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anthropomorphic creature, changes form, drinking the blood
Болотник

Evil spirit-the owner of the swamp in the East Slavic mythology. The female version is called bolotnitsa. Appearance Bolotnikov: sitting motionless in the bottom of a swamp, dirty fat eyeless creature; a hairy man with long arms and tail.

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anthropomorphic creature, water creature, long limbs, the distortion of time, hairy creature
Волосы ангела

Hair angel is called spider web, cotton-like or gelatinous mass, which sometimes fall to earth in the form of threads or bundles, and a few hours later evaporates. In the hands of a filament melt or turn into stinking lumps. Their appearance traditionally associated with UFOs.

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white gelatinous mass, flying object, an unknown substance, destroyed by touching
Гаюн

In the Belarusian mythology, the forest spirit or the devil. It looks like a huge old grandfather, overgrown with gray moss and gray bear. He governs all the forest animals and birds. Can take many forms.

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anthropomorphic creature, makes you wander, large creature, changes form, hairy creature
Гюль-ябани

In the mythologies of the Turks, Azerbaijanis, Kyrgyz, Tajiks evil spirit living in the desert or in the cemetery and frightening night travelers. According to the beliefs of Azerbaijanis has the traits of a werewolf, at night he likes to ride the horse, tangle her mane, if it is to catch and stick in the collar of his garment a needle, it will work on humans, but will do the opposite. He's hairy and huge (3-4 feet high), at night, shrill whistle.

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anthropomorphic creature, high being, large creature, changes form, hairy creature, unusual sounds
Граничник

He's the Dipstick or Minic. In Poland, Germany and Lithuania, the so-called souls of the damned dishonest surveyors. The creature can take a variety of disguises from the bright lights, flying between herbs, to the people with glowing limbs or lantern in hand.

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changes form, a small light at the earth's surface, restless spirit, fire with no apparent source, turns into a human, the glowing areas of the body
Блуждающий огонь

This little lights of unknown origin observed at night in the marshes, fields, and cemeteries.

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flying object, a small light at the earth's surface, restless spirit, fire with no apparent source, helps you find your way, specifies the location of the treasure
Бака

In Haitian vodun is a skeletal spirits. They are described as people without the skin. Able to take a variety of forms from animals and people to unknown creatures. Attack people and kalaat them. May be deemed to be vampires.

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changes form, the bare bones of the skeleton, drinking the blood
Албыс

In the Tuva and Altai mythology, the counterpart of the witch, the local variety Albasty. They can change gender when meeting with a man to take the form of a woman, when meeting with woman — man. Moreover, they can take the image of a specific person — for example, the wife of the hunter, as the hunter. In natural appearance they have big long Breasts, which they can throw over the shoulder red hair and a split upper lip. Sometimes depicted with copper nails and nose. Albys can bring the hunter good luck. Can penetrate into a human, and why it affects a serious illness.

anthropomorphic creature, changes form, hanging Breasts
Аку-аку

Guardian spirit in the mythology of Easter island. They have a fairly slim, however, they are incredibly strong. They are able to assume the form of any object, animate and inanimate nature. It is believed that they are involved in the installation of moai (stone statues on Easter island).

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excessive thinness, changes form, helps, superpowered creature
Аномальная зона

"Anomalous zone" means the region has abnormal physical characteristics, where the observed phenomena are beyond the concept of "norm".

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makes you wander, the distortion of time, the transition to another world
Арзюри

The owner of the forest in the Chuvash and Turkic mythology. Looks like a naked woman with hair to the ground and the body covered with hair (except genitals). She has huge eyes, Breasts hanging down (while walking she puts them on his shoulders). In some myths mention three hands, three legs and four eyes (two front and two rear). It can change shape from chelovecheskogo and animal to various objects (branches, sheaf of hay, etc.) and summering between the branches of lights. Scares people a variety of shouts and laughter. Could attack and hurt.

anthropomorphic creature, high being, changes form, hairy creature, a small light at the earth's surface, restless spirit
Бак

Being of Caribbean folklore, derives from the mixture of Guyanese and African beliefs. His original his homeland is West Africa. He was presented in the form of stunted pygmy with magical powers. Tank usually lives near people, but in dark places like the attic. In order not to offend, it is necessary to put a bowl of blood and milk. The creature is mischievous, clever and rather cunning. Able to change the shape, make yourself invisible and torment of others. They are mostly active at night.

anthropomorphic creature, hurting people, the little creature, changes form, spontaneously moving objects
Артинетас

In the Slavic mythology is the bird that knows how to change the color of Perv,and the meat of this bird does not rot and has the property to deter moles.

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wings, flying creature, changes form
Джинн

Spirits in Arab mythology, which later became part of the teachings of Islam, which are typically in the role of evil spirits. there are four types of Djinn: Ifrit, commanding the fire, ghoul - a female creature that lives in deserts and cemeteries and feed on fresh carrion, Maridi - Jinnah air or water, in a rational and intelligent creature, and Force the weakest of the Jinn, unable to change shape. People at all times wanted to subjugate the Jinn and use them the ability to do miracles to fulfill their desires.

flying creature, changes form, fire with no apparent source, predicts the future, hurting people, superpowered creature, specifies the location of the treasure
Ди-цзян

In Chinese mythology, on fire flying creature in the form of a wineskin without a head, but with six legs and four wings.

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wings, flying creature, fireball, the glowing areas of the body
Наннихи

In the myths and legends of the Indian people, the Cherokee have stories about a race of little men , which was called "Nannie" (Nunne'hi) that has two versions of the translation "People live everywhere" and "People who live forever" ("Eternal people") or "Yunwi Tsunsdi," which meant simply "Little people". They live on the territory of modern North Carolina, Tennessee and Georgia. Outwardly, they looked like Indians, were only very short (about 50 cm).

anthropomorphic creature, sounds without visible sources, the distortion of time, treats, the little creature, the transition to another world, helps you find your way, helps, turns into a human
Нага

In Indian mythology the half-man, half-poluzmeya, capable of magic and shape-shifting.

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anthropomorphic creature, animal body parts, changes form, scales
Лозовик

In the Belarusian folklore of the swamp the spirit in the vine. It looks like a very small old man, with a long beard and a single glowing eye. It is considered that appearing on swamp lights this is eyes Lozovik.

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anthropomorphic creature, the little creature, changes form, a small light at the earth's surface, glowing eyes
Ночные мверзи

Fictional characters from books G. Lovecraft (1890-1937). He writes about them: "When I was six or seven years, I was constantly tormented by strange and recurring nightmares in which monstrous creature race (which I have called "night wersjami" I don't know where I got that name) grabbed me by the stomach and carried away through the endless black sky above the towers of dead and horrible cities. Finally they brought me into the gray void, where I saw the needle peaks of the giant mountains miles below.

anthropomorphic creature, quick object, high being, long limbs, excessive thinness, wings, flying creature, superpowered creature
НПО

The term NGO (unidentified floating object or unidentified submerged object) was established by analogy with the term UFO (unidentified flying object). In this regard, we will consider in this article the objects, the ideas of a technical nature and not related to the category of unidentified living organisms.

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water body, geometrically regular or complex patterns, unusual sounds, the glow on the water, technical device
Огневушка-поскакушка

The Keeper of the gold in the mythology of the residents of the Urals. Takes the shape of a little dancing girl, is seen where gold deposits.

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anthropomorphic creature, a small light at the earth's surface, fireball, the glowing areas of the body, specifies the location of the treasure
Айтварас

In Lithuanian mythology, flying spirit in the form of a fiery serpent. He flies over trees. Can indicate where the treasure is, dropping this place a star. Can come women and choke at night. May engage in sexual relations with them as an Incubus.

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sexual relations with the victim, choking victim, flying creature, fireball, specifies the location of the treasure
Летавец

In Slavic mythology, a creature in the form of a falling star or a bright fireball (sometimes sparkling), while landing adopt a human form and enters into a sexual relationship with their victims.

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sexual relations with the victim, out of the landed object, fireball, turns into a human
Лейинь

In Polish mythology, a creature living in forests in the southwest of the łódź Voivodeship of Poland. Oklikema human voices and laughing, took away the travelers into the jungle, lured into the swamp, appearing in the guise of a deer, stuck in a swamp. Who was it that attacked with hooves and horns. Also, in order to have a hunter in the wilderness, could take the guise of a beautiful girl.

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makes you wander, sounds without visible sources, changes form, hairy creature, unusual sounds, turns into a human
Иелчу

In the mythology of the Basque people there is a night spirit, robbing the mines and failures, in the form of a ghostly human, animal or bird spewing fire. As a rule, witnesses observed visually only fire, appearing suddenly, and not the creature itself.

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changes form, fire with no apparent source
Домовой

The family of the Slavic peoples called the mythological spirit - owner and patron of the house. Usually it seems the furry creature of small stature. Sometimes it is bestial features, but more similar to ordinary little man. Also, it can make the appearance of any member of the family (especially absent), animals (often snakes, weasels, cats, rooster, rat). Sometimes Shalit or, on the contrary, helps with the housework.

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anthropomorphic creature, choking victim, changes form, hairy creature, helps to find the lost thing, helps, turns into an animal, predicts the future, hurting people
Итати

According to Japanese mythology, weasels or Martens, which became werewolves in the old age. They are able to transform into other forms and mesmerize people. To hear them yapping heralds for man the most trouble. Gathered at night together they can cause a fire, and climbing upon the shoulders of each other to create a huge pillar of fire that grows into a whirlwind.

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hurting people, the manipulation of the thoughts of the victim, changes form, hairy creature, the harbinger of death, the glowing areas of the body
Йок-йок

Spirits taking the form of young women with fish tails and long, green hair like algae or slime. Can also transform into different animals and birds. Able to send the rains and storms. Can marry people or to send to a woman's pregnancy, if she will be near the home of yok-yok.

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anthropomorphic creature, water creature, induces pregnancy, changes form, fish tail
Кодама

In Japanese mythology, the spirit of the tree or the tree itself, in which lives the spirit. Imenaua attributed to the delay of the echo in the mountains or the valley. It looks like a dim ball of light or the vague figure of a little man.

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anthropomorphic creature, the little creature, changes form, a small light at the earth's surface
Клудде

In the Flemish (Belgian) folklore, evil forest spirits, werewolves, usually taking the form of a Raven, a black dog or wolf (sometimes with wings), the demonic horse, cat, huge toads, and even wood. On close up you can see two small blue lights that sway and dance. They are considered the eyes of a Ghost.

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large creature, changes form, a small light at the earth's surface
Огненный змей

In Slavic mythology, the spirit that night in a ball of fire descends from heaven, enters the house and seduces women who takes things from other people's houses.

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sexual relations with the victim, flying creature, fireball, helps
Феномен в медиа 

Book (fiction)

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1892
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1897
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1922
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10.1940
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1954
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Release date:
1959

Book (non-fiction)

Release date:
1950

Movie

Original title:
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1.09.1902
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5.09.1903
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25.09.1924
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5.03.1938
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4.01.1950
Release date:
25.10.1950
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9.03.1951
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18.09.1951
Release date:
16.07.1952
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20.02.1953
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9.04.1953
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15.05.1953
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27.05.1953
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23.01.1954
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1.07.1956
Release date:
22.07.1959
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23.12.1964
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20.10.1975
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14.10.1977
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11.04.1986
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30.03.1987
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12.12.1996
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10.12.2008
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7.02.2011
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Release date:
1.09.2016

TV Show Episode

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