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This section contains information about phenomena that are generally believed to have a supernatural, mystical nature, and the very existence of which is currently in doubt.Phenomena Hierarchy


Added Mon, 03/10/2016
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The acronym UFO stands for "unidentified flying object" (or in English UFO, which means "unidentified flying object"). This term may include any flying objects of unknown origin (unusual creatures, devices, or atmospheric phenomena), but now increasingly it is used as an analogue of the alien ship or a ship of aliens (depending on the dominant hypothesis, it can be not only the representatives of other planets and other worlds, as well as guests from the distant future).

If to consider on a temporary direct eyewitness accounts of UFOs, we can distinguish the following types:

  • Ghost ships and Ghost towns (the most famous example - the flying Dutchman). The first mention of the "flying start automatically" in the literature appeared in 1795 in the book "a Trip to Botanical Bay" (eng. A Voyage to Botany Bay), but stories about encounters with ghosts appearing in the sky, went among the people and informed.
  • Mysterious airships (airships Mystery). References to them began appearing in the late 19th century in the American press.
  • Aircraft-ghosts (Foo fighters). Evidence began appearing in 1940.
  • Rocket Ghost (Ghost rockets). In 1946 more than 2,000 rockets Ghost was seen over Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. Then, such objects have been observed in other countries, especially in Europe.

Photo of the "Ghost rockets", made by E. Reuterslondon (1946)

The parent of the term "flying saucer" or closer to the Russian reader, "flying saucer" is Kenneth Arnold (Kenneth Arnold), who, describing his observations of mysterious objects to reporters, said the following:

"They flew about 20-25 miles and disappeared from sight. About three minutes I watched as the chain moving like saucers on the water, as if thrown flat stones, objects, stretching for at least 5 miles, maneuvered between the high mountain peaks. They were flat as pans, and, like a mirror, reflected the rays of the sun. I saw it all quite clearly and distinctly".

26 Jun 1947 publication in the Chicago Sun might have been the first use of the term "flying saucer".

This incident occurred in 1947, known as the "Case in the Cascade mountains". Its wide media coverage resulted in a chain of events that spawned a whole movement called UFOlogy. It is believed that Edward J. Ruppelt was first proposed and started to use the term UFO in 1951. The acronym UFO, which stands for "unidentified flying object" or UFO "unidentified flying object" (in Russian ). Oxford English Dictionary reports the first use of the term in the Times Literary Supplement 23 January 1959.

Usually the messages about seeing UFOs do not come evenly, and outbreaks (or in English terminology flyap (flaps), i.e., in certain periods more often than others. Let us cite as an example some of these "waves" of UFO sightings that came on in the second half of the XX century:

  • 1946 - Scandinavia ("launch ghosts")
  • June-July 1947 - in the Western United States
  • August 1952 in the Eastern United States
  • October 1954 - in France
  • November 1957года - observed in the Midwest and southwest US, and in South America
  • June-August 1959 - Australia and the West Pacific
  • may-August 1962 - observed in Argentina
  • summer 1965 - spring 1966 - observed first in the Midwest and then the East
  • autumn 1977 - East coast USA
  • autumn 1985 - Mexico city, Mexico

The most common and considered the full definition is given to the D. A. As in 1972. It sounds like a UFO is described by eyewitnesses perception in the sky or above ground of an object or a light spot whose appearance, trajectory, and General dynamics and the nature of the luminescence is not amenable to the usual logical explanation.

Thus, the UFO phenomenon should include the evidence, which referred to the appearance of some flying objects with no known scientific explanation at the time of occurrence of the fact, i.e. if in the annals of the 15th century refers to the appearance in the sky of the plane of the sample 21 century, for its author it was an unidentified object.


There are the following hypotheses about the origin of UFOs:

  • The hypothesis of extraterrestrial origin of UFOs. The most common hypothesis that declares UFOs are the spaceships of aliens.
  • Hypotheses about the natural origin of UFOs. All unexplained cases of UFOs, if they are not hoaxes, that arise from the observation of phenomena already known, described and studied by modern science: meteors, birds flying, burning swamp gas, ball lightning.
  • Psycho-social hypothesis of the origin of UFOs. C. G. Jung considered the reports of UFOs as a modern myth, he noted a possible connection between disk-like shape "flying saucer" and "mandala" — an occult symbol in Hinduism and Buddhism, symbolizing wholeness, completeness. Great interest in UFOs in the second half of the twentieth century, Jung was explained by the human desire for harmony in a troubled time.
  • Version of anthropogenic origin of UFOs. UFOs are flying machines, created by man, the existence of which is hidden owning groups (the military, government, private corporations), or the groups themselves are secret.
  • Ultrasone hypothesis of the origin of UFOs. This hypothesis assumes that "flying saucers" are run by the civilizations living on Earth parallel with human.
  • Version of the live UFO. UFOs are unidentified creatures living on Earth, parallel universes or other planets.
  • Hypothesis of the appearance of UFOs in parallel worlds. UFOs come to us from parallel worlds through the portals, supposedly located at the earth's surface and in the atmosphere at different altitudes.
  • Hypothesis of UFO travel in time. This version says that the UFO is a kind of time machine, where people from the future visited our time.
  • Supernatural (mystical) hypothesis of the origin of UFOs. This hypothesis suggests that UFOs are souls or other supernatural entities.
  • Close to the previous version of the Orthodox branch of the Christian religion. According to her, the UFO is the machinations of the devil and are nothing like the demons that one sees in such as balls, discs, etc.


Thanks to a boom in flying saucers, beginning in the late forties of the last century, at this moment, the enthusiasts collected a lot of evidence of UFO sightings since ancient times. There were a lot of certificates, records and drawings, which, depending on the views of people about the world was explained by contemporaries in different ways, ranging from the divine chariots and ending with the alien ships.

Now on this topic there is a lot of literature of varying degrees of scientific, popular shows and movies. All this, on the one hand, helps to convey information to the masses, thereby removing the psychological restraint of a witness and helping to gather information, and on the other gives rise to a wave of misinformation and false evidence.

In this regard, the fact of appearance of UFOs requires a thorough analysis by experts.

The assignment of fact this phenomenon can only be made when a description of an unidentified object in the sky and on the Ground (landing). If it is missing, you should consider the fact as a separate phenomenon (for example, "circles" or the appearance of strange looking creatures), because the relationship of these phenomena relates to the level of hypothesis.

Translated by «Yandex.Translator»

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